It takes time and Canadian standards are high. You are expected to have a first-rate resume, to be fluent in English or French (depending on the area) and to have relevant work experience. You will also need a work visa. One thing to understand is that a Canadian work visa is temporary and is not the same as obtaining an immigration visa.
In most cases, work permits are only available to people who have pending employment with a Canadian employer. For Canada's work visa requirements, the employer must be authorized to fill the position with a foreign worker. To make it easier to search for work in Canada, you must understand the Canadian hiring structure and work culture, as they are very different from those in other countries in the world. You have to be willing to give, which means that you may have to accept a different job that you didn't want.
Students who wish to study in Canada must apply for a study permit, similar to applying for a work visa, except for educational purposes. Thanks to the USMCA (United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement), it's much easier for a citizen of the United States to obtain a work permit in Canada. Many people have complained that it's difficult to get a job in Canada for immigrants and foreigners because Canadians expect you to have Canadian work experience before they hire you for the job. This can make it extremely difficult for immigrants to find work, especially when they first move to Canada and have no “Canadian work experience”.
Nobody wants to re-learn things they think they already know, but in Canada it's good to take a step back. If you are a U.S. citizen, you can apply for a Canadian work permit or apply for a job in Canada under the Federal Skilled Worker Program, which could eventually lead to the Canadian PR. However, I have a lot of friends who work in other industries and it took them a long time to find work in Canada.
Whether the political climate in the United States doesn't align with your values or the desire for a change of life, Canada has a lot to offer. Employers will see this as a step in the right direction when it comes to finding a job in Canada. Make sure you learn more about the culture, speak English, write a good resume that meets Canadian standards, look for a job diligently, are in the right profession that you know well and that has a lot of jobs available, and don't hesitate to take a step back, relearn your career, or take up a position lower than what you want. It can be difficult to find work in Canada, but if you have patience and keep a positive attitude, you'll eventually get a job.
When I arrived in Canada, I found work in 15 days, but I know that's not what happens in most cases. To make sure your career is in demand, go to job search websites and see if there are any jobs in the city you're thinking of moving to. You may have a specific skill set that isn't found in Canada, and this can be beneficial to you and significantly speed up the process of obtaining a Canadian work permit.